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    What a new farmer needs to know about silage

    What does a new farmer needs to know about silage?

    Here I talk with Joe Dickenson from Dickenson Farms in Oilsprings, On about how he uses silage on his farm and what new farmers need to know.

    Silage is something I don’t know much about, so I thought I would talk to someone who works with it on a regular basis.

    Here are the questions that I ask him. 

    1. What is Silage?
    2. How do you500彩票手机软件下载 make silage?
    3. What are the different types of silage?  What can we grow in ontario?
    4. What type of silage do you500彩票手机软件下载 use? Why?
    5. How can you500彩票手机软件下载 store silage? What are the advantage and disadvantages of different storage types?
    6. What types of animals need silage?
    7. How do you500彩票手机软件下载 use silage on you500彩票手机软件下载r farm?
    8. Is there anything I didn’t ask you500彩票手机软件下载 about silage that new farmers would need to know?

    Key highlights

    • Silage is a full crop that is chopped up green and stored in a oxygen limiting environment. It’s more moist and fermented.
    • Balage usually baled dryer than haylage and stored in bales. For baleage you500彩票手机软件下载 are putting it into bales.
    • Haylage is wetter than balage.
    • First cut hay is usually a larger volume, so it is harder to get it all dry to put it into bales.  So if you500彩票手机软件下载’re pinched for time, you500彩票手机软件下载 have a couple options after you500彩票手机软件下载 cut you500彩票手机软件下载r hay.
      • Bale the hay wet.
      • Make haylage out of you500彩票手机软件下载r first cut.
    • Dry hay transports easier than wet hay.
    • Wrapped bales can last upwards of two years. However, once you500彩票手机软件下载 open the wrapped bale it’s ideal to have it eaten by the animals in three days or less.
    • You use a forage harvester to chop up corn or sorghum into fine pieces. These fine pieces are put into a trailer and then put into a silo (either a vertical silo or a bunker type silo).
    • Haylage is a form of silage.
    • Haylage is chopped up legume e.g. alfalpha
    • Alfalpha is a good choice to have in you500彩票手机软件下载r hay mix.
    • Haylage is usually a combination of alfapha, treefoil and fescu grass.
    • Some varieties of hay need to come off the field within 5 days.
    • Sorghum can be used as a nurse crop. That means that you500彩票手机软件下载 would plant it at the same time as you500彩票手机软件下载r hay seed. The sorghum grows faster than the hayseed so then you500彩票手机软件下载 can cut the sorghum thus allowing the hay to grow.
    • You can store silage either in a vertical or horizontal silo as long as it is in an oxygen limiting environment.
    • You need to make sure you500彩票手机软件下载 feed the appropriate amount of feed to you500彩票手机软件下载r animals.
    • You use a blower to put you500彩票手机软件下载r silage into the silo.
    • Beef cows and dairy cows don’t necessarily need silage.  However, by using silage you500彩票手机软件下载 can increase you500彩票手机软件下载r production of milk in dairy cows. Silage helps beef cows develop stronger.
    • Silage can speed up the feeding process.
    • Not all silage is created equal. Think of silage as wine, so each growing season is different.
    • It’s a good idea to diversify you500彩票手机软件下载r feed options with you500彩票手机软件下载r livestock.

    Haylage vs Baleage vs Silage

    Haylage is wetter than baleage. So the moisture level in haylage is higher than baleage.

    Baleage is baled dryer than haylage.

    You normally put baleage into wrapped hay bales.

    Haylage tends to be chopped up and put into a silo.

    Let me put it into moisture perspective.

    • Baleage runs about 30% moisture
    • Haylage runs about 50% moisture.
    • Corn Silage runs about 60% moisture

    Protein values:

    • Haylage runs about 20% protein.
    • Silage runs about 8.5% protein.

    Pictures from Joe’s farm

    Final thoughts

    Is there anything that I missed that you500彩票手机软件下载 might be interested in?

    Leave me a comment below.

    Comments

    1. Thanks for clarifying us about silage! Love the post.

    2. Randy Alexa says:

      Hello,

      My name is Randy Alexa, and I work for TractorJoe.com. We’ve just created a checklist with the tractor parts that should be checked monthly as part of a general tractor maintenance routine, ensuring you500彩票手机软件下载r members’ tractors run as smoothly as possible.

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    3. Gurbaj Singh says:

      Is it OK to make silage by digging a cylindrical whole into the ground and only using mud and polythene

    4. Can I store haulage and corn silage in the same bunk haulage on top of the corn silage?

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