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    What a new farmer needs to know about silage

    What does a new farmer needs to know about silage?

    Here I talk with Joe Dickenson from Dickenson Farms in Oilsprings, On about how he uses silage on his farm and what new farmers need to know.

    Silage is something I don’t know much about, so I thought I would talk to someone who works with it on a regular basis.

    Here are the questions that I ask him. 

    1. What is Silage?
    2. How do you500彩票手机软件下载 make silage?
    3. What are the different types of silage?  What can we grow in ontario?
    4. What type of silage do you500彩票手机软件下载 use? Why?
    5. How can you500彩票手机软件下载 store silage? What are the advantage and disadvantages of different storage types?
    6. What types of animals need silage?
    7. How do you500彩票手机软件下载 use silage on you500彩票手机软件下载r farm?
    8. Is there anything I didn’t ask you500彩票手机软件下载 about silage that new farmers would need to know?

    Key highlights

    • Silage is a full crop that is chopped up green and stored in a oxygen limiting environment. It’s more moist and fermented.
    • Balage usually baled dryer than haylage and stored in bales. For baleage you500彩票手机软件下载 are putting it into bales.
    • Haylage is wetter than balage.
    • First cut hay is usually a larger volume, so it is harder to get it all dry to put it into bales.  So if you500彩票手机软件下载’re pinched for time, you500彩票手机软件下载 have a couple options after you500彩票手机软件下载 cut you500彩票手机软件下载r hay.
      • Bale the hay wet.
      • Make haylage out of you500彩票手机软件下载r first cut.
    • Dry hay transports easier than wet hay.
    • Wrapped bales can last upwards of two years. However, once you500彩票手机软件下载 open the wrapped bale it’s ideal to have it eaten by the animals in three days or less.
    • You use a forage harvester to chop up corn or sorghum into fine pieces. These fine pieces are put into a trailer and then put into a silo (either a vertical silo or a bunker type silo).
    • Haylage is a form of silage.
    • Haylage is chopped up legume e.g. alfalpha
    • Alfalpha is a good choice to have in you500彩票手机软件下载r hay mix.
    • Haylage is usually a combination of alfapha, treefoil and fescu grass.
    • Some varieties of hay need to come off the field within 5 days.
    • Sorghum can be used as a nurse crop. That means that you500彩票手机软件下载 would plant it at the same time as you500彩票手机软件下载r hay seed. The sorghum grows faster than the hayseed so then you500彩票手机软件下载 can cut the sorghum thus allowing the hay to grow.
    • You can store silage either in a vertical or horizontal silo as long as it is in an oxygen limiting environment.
    • You need to make sure you500彩票手机软件下载 feed the appropriate amount of feed to you500彩票手机软件下载r animals.
    • You use a blower to put you500彩票手机软件下载r silage into the silo.
    • Beef cows and dairy cows don’t necessarily need silage.  However, by using silage you500彩票手机软件下载 can increase you500彩票手机软件下载r production of milk in dairy cows. Silage helps beef cows develop stronger.
    • Silage can speed up the feeding process.
    • Not all silage is created equal. Think of silage as wine, so each growing season is different.
    • It’s a good idea to diversify you500彩票手机软件下载r feed options with you500彩票手机软件下载r livestock.

    Haylage vs Baleage vs Silage

    Haylage is wetter than baleage. So the moisture level in haylage is higher than baleage.

    Baleage is baled dryer than haylage.

    You normally put baleage into wrapped hay bales.

    Haylage tends to be chopped up and put into a silo.

    Let me put it into moisture perspective.

    • Baleage runs about 30% moisture
    • Haylage runs about 50% moisture.
    • Corn Silage runs about 60% moisture

    Protein values:

    • Haylage runs about 20% protein.
    • Silage runs about 8.5% protein.

    Pictures from Joe’s farm

    Final thoughts

    Is there anything that I missed that you500彩票手机软件下载 might be interested in?

    Leave me a comment below.

    Starting a hay farm? Viability of a hay farm

    What do you500彩票手机软件下载 think about starting a hay farm?

    Crazy right?

    Last time I was at the in-law’s farm I learned about hay. This time we got a chance to sit and chat about the viability of a hay farm.

    The idea

    The basic idea is to have a small farm that only does hay. You would only have a few select pieces of equipment and not a whole bunch.

    This would be instead of doing cash crops, at least at the start.

    This would be somewhere to start for a new farmer because the initial capital you500彩票手机软件下载 need is lower than what you500彩票手机软件下载 need for a cash crop farm.

    Assumptions

    There are a couple of things that are assumed here, so I am going to outline them here to give you500彩票手机软件下载 an idea.

    • You are in an area where there are farmers that need extra hay. Think about horse farmers, or large cow operations.
    • You are able to produce high quality hay.
    • You are able to get a decent price for hay.
    • You have a farm to grow hay.

    Financial investment

    starting a hay farm

    Look at all those bales of hay.

    As I mentioned, the amount of initial capital isn’t as much to start a hay farm.

    Here is the breakdown

    • Baler: $7,500
    • Tractors: $15,000
    • Mower: $10,000
    • Bale wagon : $5,000

    In total that would come to $52,500.

    Now you500彩票手机软件下载’re probably thinking, “what about a seeder and a cultivator?”

    One of the really nice things about hay is that you500彩票手机软件下载 don’t have to plant it every year. This means that you500彩票手机软件下载 can get away with not having either of those pieces of equipment. You can contract out seeding.

    I actually went out and looked for each piece of equipment to make sure that I could find them at the price that I indicated.

    Ideally, you500彩票手机软件下载 would want two used tractors if one breaks down. In that situation you500彩票手机软件下载 can use the other. Also, it would allow you500彩票手机软件下载 to pick up bales as they are dropped.

    Seeds

    You would also need to buy the seeds.

    We gauged it to be about $5,000 worth of seed for 50 acres.

    Sales

    The idea would be to sell the hay at around $4.50 per small square bale of hay. For good hay, this in’t unreasonable. Horse farmers are looking for good hay, and they’re willing to pay for it.

    Here was the thought, on 50 acres you500彩票手机软件下载 would get 100 square bales per acre, which is a conservative number.

    If we do the math, that works out to be.

    100 bales x 50 acres = 5000 bales of hay for 50 acres of land.

    At a price of $4.50 that would be:

    5000 bales x $4.50 = $22,500

    That isn’t a huge amount of money, but remember that is a conservative number on the number of bales you500彩票手机软件下载 would get per acre. Therefore, there is a definite possibility you500彩票手机软件下载 could make more based on yield. Also, there is the possibility you500彩票手机软件下载 could make less.

    The fluctuation in prices and yield are just part of the game.

    Deliver vs pick up at barn

    Your price will have to vary depending on whether you500彩票手机软件下载 sell from the barn or deliver. Each will have their own price because you500彩票手机软件下载 will incur more costs if you500彩票手机软件下载 deliver.

    Take those points into consideration.

    If you500彩票手机软件下载 deliver, a good way to factor costs is by a per kilometre cost. Using that type of system you500彩票手机软件下载 can price accordingly.

    Storage

    One thing to think about is where you500彩票手机软件下载 are going to store the hay.

    Here you500彩票手机软件下载 have a couple of options.

    • Store it on the farm you500彩票手机软件下载 own or rent.
    • Deliver hay as soon as it comes off the field.

    Obviously, it would be best if you500彩票手机软件下载 could deliver the hay as soon as you500彩票手机软件下载 took it off the field. That would allow you500彩票手机软件下载 to get paid right away, and you500彩票手机软件下载 wouldn’t have to worry about storing the hay at all.

    On the other hand, if you500彩票手机软件下载 store the hay on you500彩票手机软件下载r farm there is a cost involved. That means that you500彩票手机软件下载 would have to charge more for the hay. Something like $4.75 a small square could work. The added $0.25 would be for storing the hay. You could charge more depending on you500彩票手机软件下载r cost of storage.

    Buyers

    With all that hay you500彩票手机软件下载’re going to need buyers.

    There are a few options available to you500彩票手机软件下载.

    • You could use places like Kijiji to sell you500彩票手机软件下载r hay.
    • You can check you500彩票手机软件下载r local hay listings.
    • You can sell hay on you500彩票手机软件下载r website.
    • You can connect with people on social media through Twitter and Facebook.
    • You can get to know people in you500彩票手机软件下载r area and sell you500彩票手机软件下载r hay through word of mouth.

    Finding buyers is going to be you500彩票手机软件下载r one of you500彩票手机软件下载r primary goals, otherwise, all you500彩票手机软件下载r hay would be for naught.

    If I were to do this, I would probably go through my father in-law, assuming I were in the area.

    However If I were not in the area, I would use a website and social media as well as word of mouth to help people find out about my product.

    Additionally, I would learn who the local horse farmers were and talk to them directly and determine their needs.

    Final thoughts

    This is speculation but there are farms out there that do this. I asked on Twitter to see what people said

    That gives you500彩票手机软件下载 an idea from a farmer what the market is like.

    What do you500彩票手机软件下载 think about a hay farm? Leave a comment below.